Suraj Deshmukh

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Linux Partitioning Guide

How to create partitions for Linux?

Suraj Deshmukh

2-Minute Read

I use Fedora Linux as my primary desktop OS. Every time there is a fresh install, I find myself confounded on how to partition the OS. So I thought I might as well make a permanent note of how I do it so that I always have a place to come back to.

Fedora

Partitioning Scheme

This is how I partition my Fedora during installation:

Partition Mounted On Size Encrypted Filesystem
Boot /boot 512M No ext4
Boot EFI /boot/efi 200M No vfat
Swap - 1.5 times the RAM Yes swap
Home /home 265G Yes ext4
Root / 211G No ext4

Encryption

Note that Swap and Home partitions have to be encrypted. Swap extends the RAM and can have a sensitive copy of RAM data like passwords, keys, etc. Hence always ensure to encrypt the Swap partition. Home partition is equally essential to be encrypted because this is where your data will live. Things like configuration, SSH keys, GPG keys, API keys are all stored in the home in various directories. So it is of utmost importance that you encrypt these two directories.

Size

My disk size is 512G. I have divided Home and Root as per convenience. So depending on your usage of each partition you can decide what is best for you.

I hope you find this sort of partitioning scheme helpful. It has worked for me for the past five years.

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I am a Software Engineer at Kinvolk, working on various tooling around container technology like Docker, Kubernetes.